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The NCJRS Abstracts Database contains abstracts of more than 200,000 criminal justice, juvenile justice, and substance abuse resources housed within the NCJRS Library. Search the NCJRS Abstracts Database for resources on this topic.
Probation Programs at a Glance
Total Number of Programs: 45

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Probation Practice Outcomes at a Glance
Total Number of Practices: 6

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Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT) / Randomized Field Experiment

Refers to an experimental research design in which participants are randomly assigned to a treatment or a control group. Most social scientists consider random assignment to lead to the highest level of confidence that observed effects are the result of the program and not other variables.

Community Corrections


Probation refers to adults whom courts place on supervision in the community through a probation agency, generally in lieu of incarceration. In many instances, while on probation, individuals are required to fulfill certain conditions of their supervision (e.g., payment of fines, fees or court costs, participation in treatment programs) and adhere to specific rules of conduct while in the community. Failure to comply with any conditions can result in incarceration.



OJP Publications

Justice Reinvestment in Kansas: Strengthening Probation Supervision and Promoting Successful Reentry, BJA-Sponsored, April 2015

Access to Transportation and Outcomes for Women on Probation and Parole, NIJ-Sponsored, 2014
PDF Order Photocopy

HOPE: A Swift and Certain Process for Probationers, NIJ, March 2012

A Multi-Site Evaluation of Reduced Probation Caseload Size in an Evidence-Based Practice Setting, NIJ-Sponsored, March 2011
PDF Order Photocopy

Addressing Probation and Parole Officer Stress, Final Report, NIJ-Sponsored, November 2003
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