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Employment Programs at a Glance
Total Number of Programs: 38

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Employment Practice Outcomes at a Glance
Total Number of Practices: 9

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Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT) / Randomized Field Experiment

Refers to an experimental research design in which participants are randomly assigned to a treatment or a control group. Most social scientists consider random assignment to lead to the highest level of confidence that observed effects are the result of the program and not other variables.



Reentry efforts often begin in prison and transition into the community upon release. Often times, obtaining employment is a key factor in reducing rearrest and reincarceration.  Employment training is a reentry service that focuses on teaching an inmate about general skills or vocational skills needed for specific jobs and industries which in turn improve their job placement outcomes and reduce recidivism. 



OJP Publications

An Assessment of the Effectiveness of Prison Work Release Programs on Post-Release Recidivism and Employment, NIJ-Sponsored, December 2015

Training and Preparing Inmates for Post-Prison Employment, NIJ-Sponsored, December 2014

Integrated Reentry and Employment Strategies: Reducing Recidivism and Promoting Job Readiness, BJA-Sponsored, September 2013
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Investigating Prisoner Reentry: The Impact of Conviction Status on the Employment Prospects of Young Men, NIJ-Sponsored, September 2009
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Correctional Industries Preparing Inmates for Reentry: Recidivism & Post-release Employment, NIJ-Sponsored, May 2006
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