NCJRS Library
The NCJRS Abstracts Database contains abstracts of more than 200,000 criminal justice, juvenile justice, and substance abuse resources housed within the NCJRS Library. Search the NCJRS Abstracts Database for resources on this topic.
Courts Programs at a Glance
Total Number of Programs: 81

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Courts Practice Outcomes at a Glance
Total Number of Practices: 12

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Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT) / Randomized Field Experiment

Refers to an experimental research design in which participants are randomly assigned to a treatment or a control group. Most social scientists consider random assignment to lead to the highest level of confidence that observed effects are the result of the program and not other variables.


Millions of cases are filed in local, state, tribal, and federal courts each year. Most court systems include trial courts, which hear criminal and civil cases; appellate courts, which review cases decided at the trial court level; and at least one supreme court, which is the court of last resort within a judiciary system.



OJP Publications

Fostering Innovation Across the U.S. Criminal System, NIJ-Sponsored, 2020

Importance of Risk Assessments to Positive Outcomes for Youth - Juvenile Justice Research Spotlight, NIJ, May 2020
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Implementing Risk and Needs Assessment - NIJ Juvenile Justice Research Spotlight, NIJ, May 2020
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In Focus: Drug Courts, OJJDP, April 2020

Courts Strategic Research Plan 2020-2024, NIJ, April 2020

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Questions and Answers

Can I receive funding opportunity notifications via email?
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Where can I find training and technical assistance for my youth court diversion program?
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Where can I find resources on teen/youth court diversion programs?
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