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The NCJRS Abstracts Database contains abstracts of more than 200,000 criminal justice, juvenile justice, and substance abuse resources housed within the NCJRS Library. Search the NCJRS Abstracts Database for resources on this topic.
Risk & Protective Factors Programs at a Glance
Total Number of Programs: 201

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Risk & Protective Factors Practice Outcomes at a Glance
Total Number of Practices: 23

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Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT) / Randomized Field Experiment

Refers to an experimental research design in which participants are randomly assigned to a treatment or a control group. Most social scientists consider random assignment to lead to the highest level of confidence that observed effects are the result of the program and not other variables.


Risk & Protective Factors

Risk and protective factors are preexisting personal characteristics or environmental conditions that increase or reduce the likelihood of delinquent behavior or other negative outcomes. Consistent with public health and child development approaches, many prevention programs target risk and protective factors to intervene early and prevent (rather than respond to or treat) later problem behaviors.



OJP Publications

An Assessment of the Effectiveness of Civil Citation as an Alternative to Arrest among Youth Apprehended by Law Enforcement, NIJ-Sponsored, 2019

Reading Intervention, Academic and Behavioral Outcomes for Adolescents: A Community Agency and University Partnership Project, NIJ-Sponsored, September 2019

Easily Overstated: Estimating the Relationship Between State Justice Policy Environments and Falling Rates of Youth Confinement, NIJ-Sponsored, September 2019

America's Children: Key National Indicators of Well-Being, 2019, OJJDP-Sponsored, August 2019

Development and Validation of an Actuarial Risk Assessment Tool for Juveniles with a History of Sexual Offending, NIJ-Sponsored, June 2019

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Questions and Answers

What are the causes of delinquency?
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What risk factors are associated with juveniles who commit sex offenses?
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Is there a link between drug use and juvenile delinquency?
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