NCJRS Library
The NCJRS Abstracts Database contains abstracts of more than 200,000 criminal justice, juvenile justice, and substance abuse resources housed within the NCJRS Library. Search the NCJRS Abstracts Database for resources on this topic.
Risk & Protective Factors Programs at a Glance
Total Number of Programs: 203

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Risk & Protective Factors Practice Outcomes at a Glance
Total Number of Practices: 24

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Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT) / Randomized Field Experiment

Refers to an experimental research design in which participants are randomly assigned to a treatment or a control group. Most social scientists consider random assignment to lead to the highest level of confidence that observed effects are the result of the program and not other variables.


Risk & Protective Factors

Risk and protective factors are preexisting personal characteristics or environmental conditions that increase or reduce the likelihood of delinquent behavior or other negative outcomes. Consistent with public health and child development approaches, many prevention programs target risk and protective factors to intervene early and prevent (rather than respond to or treat) later problem behaviors.



OJP Publications

OJJDP News @ a Glance, January/February 2020, OJJDP, February 2020

Tip Lines for School Safety: A National Portrait of Tip Line Use, NIJ-Sponsored, February 2020

Mentoring for Preventing and Reducing Delinquent Behavior Among Youth, OJJDP-Sponsored, February 2020

Kentucky Juvenile Justice Reform Evaluation: Assessment of Community-Based Services for Justice-Involved Youth, OJJDP-Sponsored, January 2020

An Assessment of the Effectiveness of Civil Citation as an Alternative to Arrest among Youth Apprehended by Law Enforcement, NIJ-Sponsored, 2019

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Questions and Answers

Do you have resources on youth gang prevention?
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Where can I find resources on juvenile crime forecasting or future predictions of juvenile crime?
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Where can I locate information on the effects of dropping out of school?
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