- Topics A–Z
- Corrections & Reentry
- Crime & Crime Prevention
- Drugs & Substance Abuse
- Law Enforcement
- Technology & Forensics
- Victims & Victimization
Wilderness Challenge Programs
Practice Summary: Wilderness challenge programs are designed to help non-delinquent or delinquent youth who have behavioral issues build self-esteem and interpersonal skills through physical activity and social interaction. The practice is rated Promising for reducing recidivism, improving interpersonal skills, increasing self-esteem, and improving school adjustment. The practice is rated No Effects for encouraging participants’ beliefs in their ability to control the events that affect them.
Massachusetts Child Trauma Project (MCTP)
Program Summary: This program was designed to improve well-being and permanency outcomes for children with complex trauma in state care. The program is rated No Effects. Overall, findings were mixed. There were statistically significant findings favoring the treatment group, including increased likelihood of adoption; however, there were also statistically significant findings favoring the control group. Overall, the preponderance of evidence suggests the program did not have the intended effects on children.
Faith-Based Correctional Interventions
Practice Summary: This practice includes interventions that are designed to promote prosocial and religious messages, to change inmate attitudes (including reducing criminal attitudes) and decrease institutional misconduct. This practice is rated No Effects for reducing institutional misconduct and Ineffective for reducing antisocial beliefs.
Gang Membership Prevention Programs
Practice Summary: This practice includes programs that are designed to deter youth from joining gangs. Programs can be delivered either to a universal population (i.e., all youth regardless of risk level), or to youth identified as being at-risk for gang membership. Programs include preventive awareness strategies and gang membership prevention strategies. The practice is rated Promising for reducing the likelihood that youth will join a gang.
Juvenile Justice Anger Management (JJAM) Treatment for Girls
Program Summary: The program is a cognitive–behavioral, anger management treatment for adolescent girls in residential juvenile justice facilities, which is designed to reduce participants’ anger, physical aggression, and relational aggression. The program is rated Promising. Program participants showed statistically significant reductions in anger, physical aggression, and relational aggression scores, compared with the control group.
Strength at Home Men’s Program (SAH-M)
Program Summary: This program is a cognitive-behavioral, trauma-informed group therapy program for active-duty or former military personnel who have engaged in recent physical intimate partner violence (IPV). The program is rated Promising. There were statistically significant reductions in physical and psychological IPV for the SAH-M treatment group, compared with the control group.
Parenting Intervention to Prevent Early Conduct Problems and Improve Parenting Practices (New York City)
Program Summary: The program is a family-based, group preventive intervention for preschool children who are at high risk for antisocial behavior. The program is rated Promising. The intervention had statistically significant effects on observed child physical aggression, responsive parenting, and stimulation for learning, but had no statistically significant effects on parent-rated child physical aggression or harsh parenting practices.
Police-Led Community Initiative to Reduce Gun Violence (St. Louis, Missouri)
Program Summary: This police-led program was designed to reduce gun crime and serious violence in the Wells Goodfellow neighborhood in St. Louis, Missouri. The program is rated No Effects. The intervention did not have a statistically significant effect on gun violence or total violence trends in the target neighborhood compared with the average trends of seven matched comparison neighborhoods across the city.
Police-Initiated Diversion for Youth to Prevent Future Delinquent Behavior
Practice Summary: This practice includes pre-court interventions or strategies that police can apply as an alternative to court processing or the imposition of formal charges against low-risk youth. This approach is designed to reduce reoffending by minimizing youth contact with the criminal justice system and divert youth toward services that address their psychosocial development and other needs that contribute to their at-risk behavior. The practice is rated Effective for reducing future delinquent behavior.
Delaware KEY Substance Abuse Program
Program Summary: This program is a prison-based therapeutic community for drug-involved offenders. The program is rated Promising. After 3 years, results showed statistically significant increases in remaining drug-free; however, there were no statistically significant effects in being arrest-free.