- Topics A–Z
- Corrections & Reentry
- Crime & Crime Prevention
- Drugs & Substance Abuse
- Law Enforcement
- Technology & Forensics
- Victims & Victimization
Geographically Focused Policing Initiatives
Practice Summary: Geographically focused policing initiatives increase the presence and visibility of police officers at specific high-crime locations to significantly reduce crime and disorder. This practice is rated Promising for reducing crime in treatment areas relative to control areas.
Day Reporting Centers
Practice Summary: This practice uses day reporting centers, which are nonresidential multiservice centers, to facilitate parolees’ reintegration back into the community through a combination of services and supervision. This practice is rated No Effects for reducing criminal recidivism among adult offenders.
Couples Coping Enhancement Training (Switzerland)
Program Summary: This is a marital distress-prevention program designed to encourage positive parenting by teaching couples how to cope with stress. This program is rated Promising. Participating couples reported statistically significant improvements in their perception of the quality of the relationship, coping with stress as a couple, and communication, compared with control group couples, at the 1-year follow up. However, there were no significant differences between groups in improving parenting.
Be BOLD Yoga for High-Risk Adolescents
Program Summary: This is a mindfulness-based yoga program intended to reduce substance use (and the subsequent negative effects of use) for adolescents at high risk of dropping out of school. The program is rated No Effects. There were no statistically significant differences in measures of substance use, self-regulation, mood, mindfulness, or coping skills for youth who participated in the program, compared with the control group youth.
After Deployment, Adaptive Parenting Tools (ADAPT)
Program Summary: This is a behavioral parent-training program designed specifically for military families with school-aged children. The program is rated No Effects. ADAPT children reported fewer school problems and ADAPT parents demonstrated more positive involvement and problem-solving skills, compared with the control group. However, there were no statistically significant differences in measures of child loneliness and adaptive skills, parental discipline, skill encouragement, or monitoring.
Arches Transformative Mentoring Program
Program Summary: This is a group mentoring program that seeks to reduce recidivism of youth on probation in New York City, using an interactive journaling curriculum based on cognitive-behavioral principles. The program is rated No Effects. Program participants showed a statistically significant reduction in felony reconvictions, compared with comparison group youth at 24 months; however, there were no statistically significant differences on arrests, felony arrests, or reconvictions.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) for Anger-Related Problems in Children and Adolescents
Practice Summary: Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a problem-focused, therapeutic approach that attempts to help people identify and change dysfunctional beliefs, thoughts, and patterns that contribute to their problem behaviors. This variant of CBT focuses specifically on children and adolescents who have anger-related problems. The practice is rated Effective for reducing aggression and anger expression, and improving self-control, problem-solving, and social competencies.
Methadone Maintenance Therapy
Practice Summary: This practice involves a medication-assisted treatment for individuals with opioid dependence. Methadone is a long-acting synthetic opioid analgesic that works as a pharmacologic intervention to prevent or reverse withdrawal symptoms, reduce opiate cravings, and bring about a biochemical balance in the body, to reduce the illicit use of opioids. The practice is rated Effective for reducing use of heroin/opioids but rated No Effects for reducing criminal activity and mortality.
Buprenorphine Maintenance Treatment
Practice Summary: This is a medication-assisted treatment for individuals with opioid dependence. Similar to methadone, buprenorphine works by occupying the opioid receptor and blocking the high that usually comes from illicit opioid drug use; however, buprenorphine exerts a weaker effect at opioid receptor sites because it is a partial agonist. The practice is rated Effective for reducing heroin/opioid use and increasing retention in treatment; however, it is rated No Effects for reducing use of benzodiazepines.
Youth Advocate Programs, Inc. (YAP)
Program Summary: This is an intervention designed to prevent future criminal activity among system-involved youth through using short-term, high-intensity relationships with paid mentors, referred to as Advocates. The program is rated Promising. Program participants showed statistically significant improvement in educational engagement and reductions in serious dispositions, compared with a comparison group.