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Domestic Violence Courts
Practice Summary: This specialty court practice follows the problem-solving court model, and is for individuals charged with domestic violence. In addition to judicial oversight, participants may receive other programming to address substance use or mental health issues or receive referrals to batterer intervention programs. Partnerships are established with judges, mental health workers, social services, and police. The practice is rated Promising for reducing general recidivism and violent, domestic recidivism.
Interventions with Violent Adult Male Offenders
Practice Summary: This practice comprises interventions with violent adult male offenders that aim to reduce their likelihood of reoffending, especially violent reoffending. Program components include anger control, cognitive skills and empathy training, and relapse prevention. The practice is rated Promising for reducing general reoffending and violent reoffending.
Sports Participation and Juvenile Delinquency
Practice Summary: This practice includes activities that involve physical exertion and skill in which an individual or team competes against another or others. Sports participation may include team and individual sports; contact and noncontact sports; and activities that take place in and out of school. Sports participation has also been posited to have an impact on juvenile delinquency. This practice is rated No Effects. Participating in sports had no statistically significant effect on juvenile delinquency.
Coaching for Communities (CfC) [United Kingdom]
Program Summary: This is a mentoring program for youth who show low levels of antisocial behavior. This program was rated Promising. Youth in the program had statistically significant improvements in offending behavior, antisocial behavior, negative affect, association with antisocial peers, emotional well-being, and involvement in education or employment, compared with youth in the control group, but not in volume of offending behavior, use of alcohol or drugs, impulsivity, or aspirations for the future.
Program Summary: This was a mindfulness education and substance abuse prevention program for fourth- and fifth-grade students, which was designed to build self-regulatory skills and reduce intentions to use alcohol or tobacco. This program was rated Promising. There were statistically significant increases in measures of executive functioning, social problems, and aggression. There were no statistically significant effects on attention problems and intentions to use substances.
Cautioning and Relationship Abuse (CARA) [Southampton, England]
Program Summary: This was a policing strategy designed to reduce the severity of intimate partner violence and the rearrests of males who had been previously arrested for, or had admitted to, a first domestic violence offense and received a conditional caution. The program is rated Promising. Results indicated a statistically significant reduction in frequency and prevalence of rearrests of offenders assigned to the treatment group compared with offenders assigned to the control group.
Crisis Intervention Teams (CITs)
Practice Summary: This practice comprises specialized police-led, pre-booking jail diversion responses to individuals with mental illness. The goals are to reduce police officers’ injuries and use of force, and to reduce arrests of individuals with mental illness. The practice is rated No Effects for reducing arrests of individuals with mental illness and reducing trained police officers’ use of force in situations involving mentally ill individuals.
Practice Summary: After-school programs generally take place during after school hours and are designed decrease the amount of time youth are unsupervised. Examples of such programs may include recreation-based activities, mentoring, and tutoring services. The practice is rated Promising for child self-perceptions, school bonding, school grades, positive social behaviors, problem behaviors, readings scores, and mathematics scores; and No Effects for delinquency, drug use, and school attendance.
Period of PURPLE Crying (Canada)
Program Summary: This program provides educational materials to new mothers to give them the knowledge and behavioral skills to prevent shaken baby syndrome. The program is rated No Effects. There was a statistically significant improvement in treatment group mothers’ behavior around their children’s crying, compared with the control group. However, there was no statistically significant difference between the groups in mothers’ behavior around inconsolable crying or self-talk during inconsolable crying.
Coping Power Program–Child Component for Pakistani School Children
Program Summary: This is a school-based prevention program that targets fifth- and sixth-grade boys’ early aggressive behaviors to avoid later antisocial behavior in adolescence and adulthood. The program is rated Promising. The program was found to have a statistically significant effect in reducing both aggression in the boys and their tendency to interpret others’ actions as hostile. The program also improved the boys’ ability to respond in appropriate, non-aggressive ways to a variety of scenarios.
It’s important to celebrate milestones, and CrimeSolutions.gov has hit a big one — 500 rated programs. That’s 500 opportunities for the criminal and juvenile justice and victim service practitioners and policymakers we serve to learn about what works, what doesn’t, and what’s promising.
Evidence-based programming is essential to an effective juvenile justice system — and to keeping youth on the path to productive, crime-free lives. We are excited to announce a new milestone for OJJDP's Model Programs Guide — the release of its 300th program!
Dr. Gerstenblith also addresses the lack of strong evaluations of school safety programs that schools are implementing and invested in; and the opportunity that presents for the research community.
Visit the School Safety Topic Page for related programs and practices.
On CrimeSolutions.gov you will find:
- Research on the effectiveness of programs and practices as reviewed and rated by Expert Reviewers
- Easily understandable ratings based on the evidence that indicates whether a program or practice achieves its goals: (Program Review and Rating from Start to Finish and Practice Review and Rating from Start to Finish)
- No Effects
- Profiles of programs and practices with research findings
Read more About CrimeSolutions.govCrimeSolutions.gov is not an exhaustive list of all justice-related programs and practices, and inclusion on this site does not constitute an endorsement of a program or practice by the U.S. Department of Justice. Read more.