- Topics A–Z
- Corrections & Reentry
- Crime & Crime Prevention
- Drugs & Substance Abuse
- Law Enforcement
- Technology & Forensics
- Victims & Victimization
Availability, Responsiveness and Continuity (ARC)
Program Summary: This program is designed to enhance system effectiveness and organization, to improve client outcomes for child welfare and mental health agencies. The program is rated Promising. There were statistically significant reductions in problem behaviors for youth who were served by agencies that received the intervention, compared with youth who were served by control agencies.
Practice Summary: This practice comprises community-based correctional programs that use community supervision and intermediate sanctions to improve the likelihood of successful reintegration of returning offenders and promote community safety. The practice is rated Promising for reducing recidivism of offenders who transitioned back into the community through halfway houses.
Program Summary: This is a home-based, parent-and-child therapy program for the treatment of disruptive behaviors (such as physical aggression and oppositional behaviors) in toddlers and preschoolers who are living in poverty. The program is rated Promising. Compared to the control group, there were statistically significant positive effects found for improving children’s prosocial and challenging behaviors, parent and child play, and the discipline and nurturing behavior of caregivers.
Wilderness Challenge Programs
Practice Summary: Wilderness challenge programs are designed to help non-delinquent or delinquent youth who have behavioral issues build self-esteem and interpersonal skills through physical activity and social interaction. The practice is rated Promising for reducing recidivism, improving interpersonal skills, increasing self-esteem, and improving school adjustment. The practice is rated No Effects for encouraging participants’ beliefs in their ability to control the events that affect them.
Massachusetts Child Trauma Project (MCTP)
Program Summary: This program was designed to improve well-being and permanency outcomes for children with complex trauma in state care. The program is rated No Effects. Overall, findings were mixed. There were statistically significant findings favoring the treatment group, including increased likelihood of adoption; however, there were also statistically significant findings favoring the control group. Overall, the preponderance of evidence suggests the program did not have the intended effects on children.
Faith-Based Correctional Interventions
Practice Summary: This practice includes interventions that are designed to promote prosocial and religious messages, to change inmate attitudes (including reducing criminal attitudes) and decrease institutional misconduct. This practice is rated No Effects for reducing institutional misconduct and Ineffective for reducing antisocial beliefs.
Gang Membership Prevention Programs
Practice Summary: This practice includes programs that are designed to deter youth from joining gangs. Programs can be delivered either to a universal population (i.e., all youth regardless of risk level), or to youth identified as being at-risk for gang membership. Programs include preventive awareness strategies and gang membership prevention strategies. The practice is rated Promising for reducing the likelihood that youth will join a gang.
Juvenile Justice Anger Management (JJAM) Treatment for Girls
Program Summary: The program is a cognitive–behavioral, anger management treatment for adolescent girls in residential juvenile justice facilities, which is designed to reduce participants’ anger, physical aggression, and relational aggression. The program is rated Promising. Program participants showed statistically significant reductions in anger, physical aggression, and relational aggression scores, compared with the control group.
Strength at Home Men’s Program (SAH-M)
Program Summary: This program is a cognitive-behavioral, trauma-informed group therapy program for active-duty or former military personnel who have engaged in recent physical intimate partner violence (IPV). The program is rated Promising. There were statistically significant reductions in physical and psychological IPV for the SAH-M treatment group, compared with the control group.
Parenting Intervention to Prevent Early Conduct Problems and Improve Parenting Practices (New York City)
Program Summary: The program is a family-based, group preventive intervention for preschool children who are at high risk for antisocial behavior. The program is rated Promising. The intervention had statistically significant effects on observed child physical aggression, responsive parenting, and stimulation for learning, but had no statistically significant effects on parent-rated child physical aggression or harsh parenting practices.