- Topics A–Z
- Corrections & Reentry
- Crime & Crime Prevention
- Drugs & Substance Abuse
- Law Enforcement
- Technology & Forensics
- Victims & Victimization
Helping One Student To Succeed (HOSTS) Program
Program Summary: This is a structured, one-on-one tutoring and mentoring intervention that was designed to improve language arts skills among low-achieving students in kindergarten through 12th grade. The program is rated Promising. Students in the intervention group showed a statistically significant increase in their reading comprehension and overall reading quotient scores, compared with students in the comparison group. However, there were no significant differences in reading fluency scores.
Preventive Child Maltreatment Programs
Practice Summary: Preventive child maltreatment programs are designed to prevent physical child abuse or neglect by educating expectant and new parents in parenting skills, coping with stressors, and stimulating child development. This practice is rated Effective for preventing child abuse, neglect, and maltreatment.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) for Antisocial Behavior in Youth in Residential Treatment
Practice Summary: Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a problem-focused, therapeutic approach that attempts to help people identify and change dysfunctional beliefs, thoughts, and patterns that contribute to their problem behaviors. This variant of CBT focuses specifically on youth in residential settings. This practice is rated No Effects for reducing recidivism, at the 24-month follow-up period.
Protecting Strong African American Families (ProSAAF)
Program Summary: The program is designed to improve family functioning and enhance youth development by targeting parents’ relationships and parenting skills. The program is rated Effective. For the intervention group, there were statistically significant increases in levels of parental monitoring and positive self-concept, as well as statistically significant decreases in conduct problems and substance use initiation. There were no significant effects for racial pride socialization.
Male-Targeted, Sexual Assault-Prevention Program
Practice Summary: This practice encompasses programs that are designed to reduce the prevalence of sexual assaults by targeting potential perpetrators directly. Programs include components designed to build empathy for victims, break down myths about rape, and train bystanders to intervene in potential assaults. The practice is rated Effective for reducing future intent to be sexually aggressive and for increasing future prevention efforts but is rated No Effects for reducing actual sexual assault perpetration.
Availability, Responsiveness and Continuity (ARC)
Program Summary: This program is designed to enhance system effectiveness and organization, to improve client outcomes for child welfare and mental health agencies. The program is rated Promising. There were statistically significant reductions in problem behaviors for youth who were served by agencies that received the intervention, compared with youth who were served by control agencies.
Practice Summary: This practice comprises community-based correctional programs that use community supervision and intermediate sanctions to improve the likelihood of successful reintegration of returning offenders and promote community safety. The practice is rated Promising for reducing recidivism of offenders who transitioned back into the community through halfway houses.
Program Summary: This is a home-based, parent-and-child therapy program for the treatment of disruptive behaviors (such as physical aggression and oppositional behaviors) in toddlers and preschoolers who are living in poverty. The program is rated Promising. Compared to the control group, there were statistically significant positive effects found for improving children’s prosocial and challenging behaviors, parent and child play, and the discipline and nurturing behavior of caregivers.
Wilderness Challenge Programs
Practice Summary: Wilderness challenge programs are designed to help non-delinquent or delinquent youth who have behavioral issues build self-esteem and interpersonal skills through physical activity and social interaction. The practice is rated Promising for reducing recidivism, improving interpersonal skills, increasing self-esteem, and improving school adjustment. The practice is rated No Effects for encouraging participants’ beliefs in their ability to control the events that affect them.
Massachusetts Child Trauma Project (MCTP)
Program Summary: This program was designed to improve well-being and permanency outcomes for children with complex trauma in state care. The program is rated No Effects. Overall, findings were mixed. There were statistically significant findings favoring the treatment group, including increased likelihood of adoption; however, there were also statistically significant findings favoring the control group. Overall, the preponderance of evidence suggests the program did not have the intended effects on children.