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Arches Transformative Mentoring Program   
Program Summary: This is a group mentoring program that seeks to reduce recidivism of youth on probation in New York City, using an interactive journaling curriculum based on cognitive-behavioral principles. The program is rated No Effects. Program participants showed a statistically significant reduction in felony reconvictions, compared with comparison group youth at 24 months; however, there were no statistically significant differences on arrests, felony arrests, or reconvictions.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) for Anger-Related Problems in Children and Adolescents   
Practice Summary: Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a problem-focused, therapeutic approach that attempts to help people identify and change dysfunctional beliefs, thoughts, and patterns that contribute to their problem behaviors. This variant of CBT focuses specifically on children and adolescents who have anger-related problems. The practice is rated Effective for reducing aggression and anger expression, and improving self-control, problem-solving, and social competencies.

Methadone Maintenance Therapy   
Practice Summary: This practice involves a medication-assisted treatment for individuals with opioid dependence. Methadone is a long-acting synthetic opioid analgesic that works as a pharmacologic intervention to prevent or reverse withdrawal symptoms, reduce opiate cravings, and bring about a biochemical balance in the body, to reduce the illicit use of opioids. The practice is rated Effective for reducing use of heroin/opioids but rated No Effects for reducing criminal activity and mortality.

Buprenorphine Maintenance Treatment   
Practice Summary: This is a medication-assisted treatment for individuals with opioid dependence. Similar to methadone, buprenorphine works by occupying the opioid receptor and blocking the high that usually comes from illicit opioid drug use; however, buprenorphine exerts a weaker effect at opioid receptor sites because it is a partial agonist. The practice is rated Effective for reducing heroin/opioid use and increasing retention in treatment; however, it is rated No Effects for reducing use of benzodiazepines.

Youth Advocate Programs, Inc. (YAP)   
Program Summary: This is an intervention designed to prevent future criminal activity among system-involved youth through using short-term, high-intensity relationships with paid mentors, referred to as Advocates. The program is rated Promising. Program participants showed statistically significant improvement in educational engagement and reductions in serious dispositions, compared with a comparison group.

Helping One Student To Succeed (HOSTS) Program   
Program Summary: This is a structured, one-on-one tutoring and mentoring intervention that was designed to improve language arts skills among low-achieving students in kindergarten through 12th grade. The program is rated Promising. Students in the intervention group showed a statistically significant increase in their reading comprehension and overall reading quotient scores, compared with students in the comparison group. However, there were no significant differences in reading fluency scores.

Preventive Child Maltreatment Programs   
Practice Summary: Preventive child maltreatment programs are designed to prevent physical child abuse or neglect by educating expectant and new parents in parenting skills, coping with stressors, and stimulating child development. This practice is rated Effective for preventing child abuse, neglect, and maltreatment.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) for Antisocial Behavior in Youth in Residential Treatment   
Practice Summary: Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a problem-focused, therapeutic approach that attempts to help people identify and change dysfunctional beliefs, thoughts, and patterns that contribute to their problem behaviors. This variant of CBT focuses specifically on youth in residential settings. This practice is rated No Effects for reducing recidivism, at the 24-month follow-up period.

Protecting Strong African American Families (ProSAAF)   
Program Summary: The program is designed to improve family functioning and enhance youth development by targeting parents’ relationships and parenting skills. The program is rated Effective. For the intervention group, there were statistically significant increases in levels of parental monitoring and positive self-concept, as well as statistically significant decreases in conduct problems and substance use initiation. There were no significant effects for racial pride socialization.

Male-Targeted, Sexual Assault-Prevention Program   
Practice Summary: This practice encompasses programs that are designed to reduce the prevalence of sexual assaults by targeting potential perpetrators directly. Programs include components designed to build empathy for victims, break down myths about rape, and train bystanders to intervene in potential assaults. The practice is rated Effective for reducing future intent to be sexually aggressive and for increasing future prevention efforts but is rated No Effects for reducing actual sexual assault perpetration.

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Programs at a Glance

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Total Number of Programs: 595

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Practice Outcomes at a Glance
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Total Number of Practices: 185

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