NCJRS Library
The NCJRS Abstracts Database contains abstracts of more than 200,000 criminal justice, juvenile justice, and substance abuse resources housed within the NCJRS Library. Search the NCJRS Abstracts Database for resources on this topic.
Parole Programs at a Glance
Total Number of Programs: 42

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Parole Practice Outcomes at a Glance
Total Number of Practices: 7

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Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT) / Randomized Field Experiment

Refers to an experimental research design in which participants are randomly assigned to a treatment or a control group. Most social scientists consider random assignment to lead to the highest level of confidence that observed effects are the result of the program and not other variables.

Community Corrections


Parole refers to criminal offenders who are conditionally released from prison to serve the remaining portion of their sentence in the community. Prisoners may be released to parole either by a parole board decision (discretionary release/discretionary parole) or according to provisions of a statute (mandatory release/mandatory parole). Failure to comply with any of the conditions can result in a return to incarceration.



OJP Publications

Probation and Parole in the United States, 2014, BJS, November 2015

Coming Home to Harlem: A Randomized Controlled Trial of the Harlem Parole Reentry Court, BJA-Sponsored, October 2015

Access to Transportation and Outcomes for Women on Probation and Parole, NIJ-Sponsored, 2014
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Swift and Certain Consequences in Probation and Parole - Interview at the 2009 NIJ Conference, NIJ, June 2009

Applications of Geographic Analysis in Parole and Probation, NIJ-Sponsored, August 2001
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