NCJRS Library
The NCJRS Abstracts Database contains abstracts of more than 200,000 criminal justice, juvenile justice, and substance abuse resources housed within the NCJRS Library. Search the NCJRS Abstracts Database for resources on this topic.
Corrections & Reentry Programs at a Glance
Total Number of Programs: 142

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Corrections & Reentry Practice Outcomes at a Glance
Total Number of Practices: 31

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Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT) / Randomized Field Experiment

Refers to an experimental research design in which participants are randomly assigned to a treatment or a control group. Most social scientists consider random assignment to lead to the highest level of confidence that observed effects are the result of the program and not other variables.

Corrections & Reentry

The correctional population in the United States includes adults under community supervision (on probation or parole), in state and federal prisons, and in local jails. Over the past three decades the correctional population has increased from approximately 1.8 million in 1980 to nearly 7 million in 2011, with the majority (70%) under the supervision of community corrections (probation or parole). During 2011, the number of persons under supervision of correctional authorities declined by 1.4%, marking the third consecutive year of decrease in the correctional population.[1]



OJP Publications

Fostering Innovation Across the U.S. Criminal System: Identifying Opportunities to Improve Effectiveness, Efficiency, and Fairness , NIJ-Sponsored, 2020

Probation and Parole in the United States, 2017-2018, BJS, August 2020

Tribal Crime Data-Collection Activities, 2020, BJS, July 2020

Juveniles in Residential Placement, 2017, NIJ,OJJDP, June 2020

PREA Data-Collection Activities, 2020, BJS, June 2020

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Questions and Answers

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